Acceptable Conditions of Work Executive Summary Romania is a constitutional republic with a democratic, multiparty parliamentary system. The bicameral parliament consists of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, both elected by popular vote.
2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Romania
Observers considered presidential elections held on November 10 and 24 and parliamentary elections in to have been generally free and fair and without significant irregularities.
The DGPI has responsibility for intelligence gathering, counterintelligence, and preventing and combatting vulnerabilities and risks that could seriously disrupt public order or target Ministry of Internal Affairs operations.
The minister of interior appoints the head of DGPI. The Romanian Intelligence Service SRIthe domestic security agency, investigates terrorism and national security threats. The president nominates and the parliament confirms the SRI director.
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Civilian authorities maintained effective control over SRI and the security agencies that reported to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Significant human rights issues included: police violence against Roma; endemic official corruption; law enforcement authorities condoning violence against women and girls; and abuse against institutionalized persons with disabilities.
The judiciary took steps to prosecute and punish officials who committed abuses, but authorities did not have Niger Woman Search. mechanisms to do so and delayed proceedings involving alleged police abuse and corruption, with the result that many of the cases ended in acquittals.
Impunity for perpetrators of human rights abuses was a continuing problem.
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Section 1. Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom from: a.
The bicameral parliament consists of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, both elected by popular vote. Observers considered local elections held on September 27 and parliamentary elections held on December 6 to have been generally free and fair and without significant irregularities. The General Directorate for Internal Protection has responsibility for intelligence gathering, counterintelligence, and preventing and combatting vulnerabilities and risks that could seriously disrupt public order or target Ministry of Internal Affairs operations. The minister of interior appoints the head of the directorate. The Romanian Intelligence Service, the domestic security agency, investigates terrorism and national security threats.
Arbitrary Deprivation of Life and Other Unlawful or Politically Motivated Killings There were reports that the government or its agents committed arbitrary or unlawful killings. On July 19, in the city of Vatra Dornei, three gendarmes tried for 10 minutes to immobilize physically a year-old Niger Woman Search. suspected of inappropriately touching a child and used tear gas spray against him. During the intervention, the man became unconscious and was taken to the hospital, where he died the following day.
In the trial began of former communist-era Niger Woman Search.
officials Marin Parvulescu, Vasile Hodis, and Tudor Postelnicu, accused of crimes against humanity before the Bucharest Court of Appeals. They were charged in the death of dissident Gheorghe Ursu, who was arrested and allegedly beaten to death by investigators and cellmates in According to official figures, the violence resulted in hundreds of injuries, illegal Dating Femei Auvergne, and four deaths.
Media estimates of the number injuries and deaths were much higher. Prosecutors opened the preliminary phase of the case before the High Court of Cassation and Justice on November 29, where it remained underway.
Disappearance There were no reports of disappearances by or on behalf of government authorities. Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment The constitution and law prohibit such practices, but there were reports from nongovernmental organizations NGOs and Niger Woman Search.
that police and gendarmes mistreated and abused prisoners, pretrial detainees, Roma, and other vulnerable persons, including homeless persons, women, sex workers, and substance abusers, primarily with excessive force, including beatings. For example, journalists alleged that in September four agents of the Bucharest Sector 3 police used excessive force against two Romani teenagers caught fishing in a public park.
In February prosecutors in Bucharest Sector 5 opened a case against 15 employees and the director of the Rahova Penitentiary Hospital for allegedly beating several inmates between and and Niger Woman Search. medical records to cover up the abuses.
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As of September the investigation of 16 defendants and seven suspects remained pending. The European Court of Human Rights ECHR ruled in a number of cases that the justice system had failed to deliver a just outcome in cases of police brutality, particularly against Forum 2021 Dating Site and cases involving abuses in psychiatric hospitals.
The average time for a ruling in cases of alleged police abuse of Roma was nearly four years. In April the ECHR issued a ruling on a case of excessive use of force by police and the gendarmerie during Niger Woman Search.
raid in the village of Valcele, Covasna County, against a Romani family that, as a consequence, suffered several injuries that required medical care. According to the court, authorities automatically connected ethnicity to criminal behavior, and thus Niger Woman Search. ethnic profiling of the victims was discriminatory. Police officers were frequently exonerated in cases of alleged beatings and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment.
Low salaries also contributed to making individual law enforcement officials susceptible to bribery. According to the United Nations, three allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse by Romanian peacekeepers reported in and were pending. One case involved the alleged sexual abuse rape of a minor.
The peacekeeper in question was repatriated by the United Nations. The other two cases involved alleged sexual exploitation transactional sex. Investigations by Romanian authorities were pending.
2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Romania
Prison and Detention Center Conditions Prison conditions remained harsh and overcrowded and did not meet international standards.
The abuse of prisoners by authorities and other prisoners reportedly continued to be a problem.
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- Один из врачей сказал, что в колонии давно не было возобновления - быть может, я не точно поняла цвета, но так и не уразумела, что он имел в виду.
- Все прочее, - проговорила Элли, - краткости ради я могу рассказать .
Physical Conditions: According to official figures, overcrowding was a problem, particularly in those prisons that did not meet the standard of four square meters 43 square feet per prisoner set by the Council of Europe. Conditions remained generally poor within the prison system, and observers noted insufficient spending on repair and retrofitting.
According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, men and women, juveniles and adults, and pretrial detainees and convicted persons Niger Woman Search. not held together. Media outlets, NGOs, and the ombudsperson reported that prisoners regularly assaulted and abused fellow inmates. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the NPA did not refer any of the complaints submitted by inmates in to prosecutors.
Inmates have the possibility of filing complaints with law enforcement agencies and judges. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs reported that in judges admitted complaints filed by inmates, compared with in A number of prisons provided insufficient medical care, and inmates complained that food quality was poor and sometimes insufficient in quantity.
In some prisons heating and ventilation were inadequate.
Persons with mental disorders did not receive sufficient care and were frequently isolated by other inmates. The ADHR-HC stated that the actual number of persons who had mental health problems was three times higher than the number of inmates who received treatment for mental illness.
Niger Woman Search. ADHR-HC stated that some pretrial detention facilities had inadequate conditions, particularly in terms of hygiene and overcrowding. Such facilities were often located in basements and had no natural light and inadequate sanitation.
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In some pretrial facilities and prisons, there was no possibility for confidential meetings between detainees and their families Niger Woman Search. attorneys. Administration: Independent authorities did not always investigate credible allegations of inhuman conditions.